See Many Eyes by IBM for more
Benefits of Using the BIMstorm Process and OPS Onuma Planning System to develop Open Standards
Open standards for building and geospatial information are rapidly changing. So much is being figured out at the same time its hard to know which of the many parallel tracks will eventually meet in the distance. For example:
Performance Specifications: Proprietary versus generic names of things are very tricky ~ the CSI Construction Specification Institute International Framework Dictionary is currently being developed;
Data Exchange Policies: Recording brand names, model numbers, and manufacturer’s warranties as performance specifications, designs and data change hands from Architect, to Contractor, to Owner ~ COBIE Construction Operations Building Exchange is currently being developed;
Building Codes: Construction type and use group are able to align with building data by facility type and location ~ ICC International Code Council SmartCODES are currently being developed;
Space Definition Rules: BOMA calcs and owner program requirements ~ OSCRE Open Standards Consortium for Real Estate are currently being developed;
Geospatial Coordination: OGC Open Geospatial Consortium has already made a huge impact, open standards continue to be developed with an impressive focus on interoperability amongst the standards themselves;
Sustainability: Owners, Architects, and Contractors understand how to go for LEEDS points now ~ USGBC US Green Building Council has already made a huge impact, standards and requirements continue to be developed;
Tools for Public Inquiry: How can environmental organizations assess their area using USGBC/LEED data, GIS Watershed, BOMA Calcs, SMARTCodes and all the above while OmniClass, MasterFormat, UniFormat and all the words we use are constantly evolving?
BIMstorm and OPS provide an opportunity for non-technical people to like and understand the potential of BIM and open standards in simple ways. Room Criteria Sheets and Google Earth are OK, regular people can play out a variety of scenarios without liabilities, deadlines, or costs. It can’t be only technical people who solve these problems. The main benefit of using the BIMstorm process and OPS is being able to figure out how open standards SHOULD work together with commercial technology. Open standards need to be vendor neutral, but it takes vendors to help develop these standards along the way. There is still a tremendous amount of work ahead and true interoperability will never be “done”. Until then, using the BIMstorm process and OPS provides a unique opportunity to work together towards the same shared end goals. Can’t get there without using real products and technology.
Deborah L. MacPherson AIA, CSI CCS
Specifications and Research, WDG Architecture PLLC
Projects Director, Accuracy&Aesthetics
NBIMS National Building Information Modeling Standard, Consensus and Model Implementation Guide Task Teams
Member of the buildingSMART alliance
Download PDF Where Does All This Information Belong [ DMacPJBIM08 ] to appear in the Fall 08 online version of the Journal of Building Information Modeling
COMMENT FROM JACK PARK ON THE CODE TEMPLATE CONCEPT
“I see this as a topic map question with a good query mechanism that would allow you to match patterns and bubble to the top the requisite variety of solutions to the query.
There is something you see and talk about that I rarely do, the ability to fold, twist, and reveal. I have no clue how one goes about that except along the lines I suggested in an earlier post about manifolds, intersecting them, and playing them using something like a GBG (will ask: one of these or Glass Bead Network?) as an interface.
An old (late) friend Iben Browning used to talk about using evolutionary program and “spring” metaphors to let things like this self organize. The idea is that you arrange nodes in relationship to each other and add springs between them. You can watch this happen with touchgraph – the nodes jiggle around until the dust settles. You can tweak spring coefficients until something “makes sense” – – that’s what evolutionary programming does for you.”
See the big picture of clusters and interrelations within your data, and zoom in on whatever catches your interest, by TouchGraph.
FEEDBACK FROM NICHOLAS NISBET MA (Cantab) DipArch (UNL) Director AEC3 UK Ld.
RE: “Set of data structures, or code templates, to extend semantic relationships that already exist in CSI and OCCS classifications to capture and describe building information by construction type, use group, code requirements and so on.”
I see (in the pdf below) that you are linking core concepts (Uniformat and MF2004 names) to various the classification systems and specification clauses (step 1 ,2) and related these to their usefulness for some building types (step 3-5 Looking at ICC allows you to relate some requirements to ‘core concepts’ and/or ‘building types’. COBIE exposes the classification of spaces, systems and registered types. Lastly your spreadsheet mentions standards that are relevant. Overall you have a tree of references and relationships.
Developing a set of code and classification templates to track and standardize building information modeling exchanges. See pdf for explanation.
and the following links
Building Code templates are a way of understanding the design of buildings and also what happens inside there. Some of this information is private, some is related to overall energy awareness and efficiency concerns, some are public services that could be shown on Google maps, some are simply where a person lives with preferred and ranked restaurants around them. Whatever the concerns, how do you get from all the possible information and building control system readings to the necessary and sufficient information needed for the general public to live their daily lives and participate in the governance of their local, regional, national and global community? Code templates are a stab at it. It is assumed every building type can use the same Division 01, General Conditions in their contract documents while being built. Its still unclear what happens after that in terms of the building lifecycle. Where building codes fit is still being figured out but probably in another band above Division01.
Looking at colors for the code/classification templates for the Building Service Performance Project at Ontolog. Sample building models provided courtesy of Kimon Onuma at Onuma Planning System which is used for BIMstorm.
The basis of the color design is adapted from this brochure at the Sasquatch Music Festival. Comments welcome on the colors above, other examples of color selection techniques are below.
_________ OTHER EXAMPLES OF COLOR SELECTION________
Fire Station Coverage by Finith Jernigan at Design Atlantic
Color Brewer, Selecting Good Color Schemes for Maps by Cindy Brewer at Penn State University
Satin Solids at My Faux Paws Apparel and Accessories
Alternate Color Selection at GeneCluster2 Reference Guide at the Broad Institute, MIT
Twisted Brush Pro Studio at Pixarra
See Code Templates for More
There is a gathering storm to document space in the physical world that will eventually impact, or help to form and track, the development of the semantic world. Go see BIMstorm ~ here are some reports.
BIMstorm is a series of spontaneous 24 hour long collaborations organized by the Onuma Planning System. The participants don’t even meet each other for a kickoff meeting. Players all just start designing and utilizing different types of expertise… and design architect can go back to work on their design again and someone else has added onto its information – for example a structural engineer or interior designer could refine what was only put up as BIM blobs. Its hard to understand semantic space. There are multiple locations of the same things. There is Google Earth for a bigger picture anyone can use. There are the programs, purposes. and information exchange priorities in these spaces. But there are no building codes about use groups yet. There have not been any catastrophes, like fire driving the development of US codes. And now BIMstorm is a call to link up all the building and geographic information in semantic space too. An statement on the challenges of Open Standards vs Commercial Technology is here and here.
The requirements of accurately documenting physical space include the Building Owners and Managers Association Calculations (BOMAcalcs), National Building Information Modeling Standard, w3 rules, ontology, language, model definition rules and more, and more. Architects and specification writers can get in trouble for “making things up” because there are reasons the rules are in place. Building and geographic data meet exchange requirements by being standardized, accepted measurements – which is figured out in detail for the physical world, but how is semantic space designed, built and measured?
A huge quantity of building and geographic records are currently being made to design, operate, and maintain public buildings and public spaces. What are we going to do with all this information?