WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE Basic Pedagogical Goals
Harsh Patel 59 Warren Street, Top Floor, New York, NY 10007
Trebor Scholz <firstname.lastname@example.org> mailed this link to [iDC], I think it
provides some additional perspective / solutions to the question.
WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE:
This situation calls for multiple levels of intervention:
1. School based — designed to integrated into existing school disciplines
2. after-school programs — designed to expand creative opportunities for kids in a way which also emphasizes the cultural context and ethical consequences of those practices.
3. informal learning — collaboration with creative industries to insure that ideas about media literacy feed back into popular culture.
4. teacher training — designed to provide teachers with models for classroom practices which foster the new media literacies.
5. parents training — designed to give parents the knowledge and skills they need to foster media literacy in preschool children and to support the informal learning of their school aged offspring.
We are proposing an integrated approach which works at four levels:
Exercises (E1) — designed to refine and rehearse preliminary literacy skills.
Exemplers (E2)– designed to illustrate creative processes and practices and provide a critical vocabulary for the aesthetic evaluation of media.
Expressions (E3) — designed to allow kids to put these skills into play through individual and collaborative creative projects.
Ethics (E4) — designed to encourage reflections on the social contexts in which media is produced and circulated, including a strong focus on the ways individuals relate to larger communities and the ability to make meaningful choices and weigh their consequences.
We can understand this more fully if we look at a specific subject area: digital storytelling.
Basic Pedagogical Goals:
1. A recognition of the ways stories change as they move across media (multimodal, convergent) and an appreciation of new kinds of storytelling media (mobile, immersive, interactive) which may deal with stories in different ways.
2. A recognition of the basic building blocks of canonical stories, including questions of sequencing, exposition, and point of view, as well as an awareness of the ways that these basic principles can be manipulated to create alternative storytelling practices. (transformative)
3. An appreciation of the functions stories play within cultures, including the value of stories for entertainment, transmitting traditions, opening up new possibilities and alternative perspectives, etc. (generational)
4. An appreciation of cultural differences in the form and content of stories (multicultural, global).
5. An awareness of the role which stereotypes and clichs play in the construction of stories as well as the impact that such devices can have on the ways we interact with other people. (negotiation)
6. the ability to identify core elements of stories and rework them to communicate alternative perspectives (appropriative).
7. a recognition of those factors shaping which stories get told in the media
and how those stories get structured.
8. an understanding of how story elements can be dispersed across multiple media channels in order to create a range of different
9. practice in translating one's own experiences into stories which can be understood by others both in your own community and beyond.(expression, performance)
10. refine technical skills in media production as well as developing criteria for evaluating stories within different media contexts. (Judgment)
11. recognize that people in different communities might narrate the same experiences in different terms or might form conflicting interpretations of shared stories (negotiation)
12. understand the ways that authors build upon pre-existing stories as well as recognize the current legal conflicts over who should control what use gets made of one's creative work. (sampling)
Our overall approach emphasizes comparison across different media, across different historical periods, across high and popular culture, across mainstream and experimental media, and across different cultural traditions. Any opening session needs to emphasize the diversity of current storytelling media with an emphasis on both commonalities and differences.
At the same time, this approach is designed to bring together literature, art, and social sciences so that people understand what stories are, how to express one's ideas through stories, and how stories operate within cultures.